Friday, November 12, 2021

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme
 Beti Bachao,
 Beti Padhao
 Scheme

Prime Minister has launched Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme on 22 January 2015 in Panipat, Haryana.
 

After the successful implementation of Jan Dhan Yojana, Make in India, and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. The scheme was launched in 100 districts across the country with an initial corpus of Rs 100 crore. 

In Haryana, where Child Sex Ratio (CSR) is very low, 12 districts have been selected: Rewari, Mahendragarh, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Sonipat, Rohtak, Karnal, Kaithal, Panipat, and Yamuna Nagar.

The goal of this scheme is to make girls socially and financially self-reliant through education. This approach of the government will lead to creating awareness and improving the performance of women's welfare services.

Why the need for Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme?

The latest Census 2011 has revealed declining CSR in the age group of 0 to 6 years. The number of girls has come down to 919 for every 1,000 boys. In 2001, there were 927 girls per 1,000 boys.

The availability of modern equipment to find out the sex of the unborn child has increased the cases of female feticide very fast. There has been a social bias towards boys for economic benefits. 

It is deeply rooted in society that with girls comes great responsibility. Due to these reasons, the sex ratio has suffered. Discrimination against girls does not stop even after birth. They are often discriminated against when it comes to health, nutrition, and education needs.

Because of this, it is rightly said that the rights of women start being violated even before they are born. Integrated, the reality is also that women empowerment leads to freedom from the backwardness of belief and unscientific practices in the society. 

There is a need to make full use of new media and communication methods to overtake the villagers confined to superstitious beliefs and practices. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign has been started to achieve this goal, to spread awareness and change.

The Prime Minister also launched the 'Sukanya Samriddhi Account', which will benefit girls. He also released a postage stamp on the theme Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao. On this occasion, the oath of Save Beti, Padhao Beti was also administered.

To stop female feticide, today the whole society needs to change its attitude towards girls. This problem is prevalent in every section of society. Even though the sex ratio is better in the Northeast region and tribal areas, female feticide cases are high in many parts of the country.

The government has started this innovative scheme to save many girls. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme is a boon for the whole society. This Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme includes the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Education, and –– Ministry of Health Like working closely with other ministries.

This scheme can prove to be a boon not only for the girls but for the entire society. Not only this, the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme has come at a time when the country is facing problems related to the safety of women like rape and other types of attacks. The government has also claimed that the Ministry of Home Affairs is going to spend Rs 150 crore on a plan to increase women's safety in big cities.

In the Union Budget, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has been allocated Rs 50 crore for a pilot scheme for the safety of women in public transport. This can be a welcome move as it can re-establish the trust of women in the system.

If the project is formidable then many of the most effective methods can be embraced for better initiation and implementation. For example, there is a system in West Bengal, in which cash money is transferred at a fixed interval for the education of the child. In Punjab, pregnant girls are registered in the first trimester itself. So that the officer can keep a watch on the cases of feticide. An example is also in Tamil Nadu, where Amma Baby Care Kits are provided.

However, this initiative may seem intelligent, many people are also criticizing it. It is being said that allocating money or launching schemes is not enough. The law has to be changed and those who harm girls will have to be punished. There is a need to make more awareness about the rights of girls at the grassroots level.

VISIT OFFICIAL WEBSITE: https://wcd.nic.in/

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